Nlandslides in nepal pdf

Landslides occur when gravitational and other types of shear stresses within a slope exceed the shear strength resistance to. This list is very incomplete as there is no central catalogue for landslides, although some for individual countriesareas do exist. Nepal earthquake 2015 post dsaster needs assessment z eecutve summary 5 background nepal is the 11th most earthquakeprone country in the world. The himalayan mountains cover 15 percent of nepal and most of the land in the himalayas is permanently frozen. To evaluate the landslide processes and associated hazards in nepal, the rainfallinduced landslides were assessed from three perspectives. Prattsitaulaa,3, tank ojhac adepartment of geological sciences, university of california, santa barbara, ca 93110, usa bquaternary research center and department of earth and space sciences, university of washington, seattle, wa 98195, usa. Volumes of landslides are recorded in the scientific literature using cubic kilometres km 3 for the. This brief survey is intended as a list of works which i have found especially useful myself or which i think would be particularly suitable for readers wanting to follow up topics necessarily treated very cursorily in my recent onevolume history. Loss and damage from a catastrophic landslide in sindhupalchok district, nepal report no.

I investigate the possibility of highresolution digital surface models computed from tristereo spot67 images to resolve this issue. If you wish you can choose exactly which places this guide should cover. Communitybased lake restoration increases income from. Soon, india found itself entangled in nepals political unrest, as the madhesi people blocked all major entry points from india to nepal, bringing the movement of goods to a standstill. Guideline on landslide treatment and mitigation v preface the working group on landslide treatment and mitigation was established following the recommendations of the consultative workshop on landslide inventory, risk assessment, and mitigation organized by the department of soil. Steep gradient and swift water flows of the himalayan river and stream have significantly contributed the process. The analysis of losses of life and property due to landslide and flood disaster s in nepal from 200910 to 201516, 7 year 206672 is shown in figure1. Introduction following the success of green revolution agriculture in neighboring countries, nepal launched a program of agricultural intensification in the 1960s. Landslide and deadly flood in nepal nasa earth observatory. Trends in landslide occurrence in nepal springerlink. Nepal is at risk from natural hazards, such as floods, landslides, windstorms, hailstorms, fires, earthquakes and glacial lake outburst floods. Nepal is also in a seismically active zone with a high probability for massive earthquakes. Pdf rainfallinduced landslides in nepal semantic scholar.

The shallow landslide on slope that generally flows down to slope in very high velocity is found to be most devastating landslide in nepal. The protected areas of nepal cover mainly forested land and are located at various altitudes in the terai, in the foothills of the himalayas and in the mountains, thus encompassing a multitude of landscapes and preserving a vast biodiversity in the palearctic and indomalayan realms. Before the team could go anywhere, though, they had to wait and wait. In line with undp corporate policy on national human development reports, the preparation of the nepal human develop.

At least 17 people were killed and three have gone missing after heavy monsoon rains triggered landslides and flooding in several parts of nepal, an official at the home ministry said on tuesday. Nepal may be one of the first countries in the world to implement actions stipulated in the beijing platform for action soon after the government delegate returned back home, by. The most catastrophic mass movement was a debris avalanche that buried several villages in the langtang valley. The 2014 jure landslide in sindhupalchok district, nepal, caused significant loss and damage to ecosystems and livelihoods in the area.

That makes langtang one of the worsthit sites in a disaster whose toll throughout nepal has reached 7,759 dead with over 16,400 injured. This module of nepal national building code covers general building design requirements in accordance with the principles stated in the bhawan ain2055 building act. Aug 10, 2011 n is for nepal n is for nepal is an excellent picture book with text for the nepali children to learn about nepal and be proud of their cultural heritage and also for the nonnepali children to learn about nepal. Field report nepal ii adc does not have its own coordination office in nepal but is channelling its assistance though austrian ngos, nepalese ngos and private companies. Rural livelihood, cultural values, and tourism in nepal an exploration humnath bhandari jsps postdoctoral fellow jircas, tsukuba, japan jsps science dialogue program presentation. Earthquakes such as those in nepal are also caused by landslides. In the aftermath of the earthquake, the national reconstruction authority nra identified c. While the austrian ingo eco himal has been the primary partner for the austrian development cooperation in nepal over the past 10 years, the. The 2015 earthquakes triggered over 22,000 landslides across 14 districts of central nepal. Nepal s history dates back to the time of the gopalas and mahishapalas who are believed to have been the earliest rulers of the valley with their capital at matatirtha, the southwest corner of kathmandu valley.

Shear has been working to improve understanding of, and planning for, the causes and impacts of these disasters. On may 5, 2012, a flash flood surged down the seti river in nepal, sweeping away people and buildings along the riverbanks. This evaluation of the finnish country programmes with nepal, nicaragua and tanzania over the past decade was commissioned by the ministry for foreign affairs of finland mfa and focused on. Impact of landslides and innovative landslide mitigation measures on the natural environment robert l. The topography of the hills and mountains in western and central nepal, where the major earthquakes on 25 april and 12 may and most of the subsequent aftershocks. Characterization of the jure sindhupalchok, nepal landslide by tls and.

Nepal and switzerland have enjoyed very close, friendly and wide ranging relations for many generations. The documents contained in this database, in both english and nepali language were compiled from a wide range of credible sources including national and. Most popular is the minimum fourday trek tofrom rara national park, with its famous skyblue lake, the largest in nepal. Status of road transport facilitation along the ah corridors. It is located mainly in the himalayas, but also includes parts of the indogangetic plain.

Nepal, november 2005 effective power and often served as sources of patronage for the king, who continued to retain both absolute authority and support from the military. Enhancing nepalchina connectivity chins has proposed an ambitiousplan to build a wide network of new silk route on land and seas to enhance global connectivityand has invited india to. As nepal moves out of the emergency phase of the earthquake disaster and starts to transition into the recovery and reconstruction phases, attention is now turning to the potential impacts of the sw summer monsoon period. The most heavily affected areas are the districts of the southern flatlands. The relative efficiency of organic farming in nepal 1. Rainfall thresholds for landsliding in the himalayas of nepal emmanuel j. Nepal is home to most of the worlds highest mountains, including mt. Nepal is located entirely in the ganges basin and is bordered by india in the east, south and west and by china in the north. Pdf landslide its cause and prevention technique in nepal. The rough guide to nepal rough guides rough guides. Landslides and flash floods in the monsoon assessment unit. Nepal geography nepal is a small, landlocked country. Nepali society and development 2 relevance of the nordic model in nepal of cultural homogenization giadas, 2010. Social media reports of cultural heritage professionals working in.

While agricultural productivity has increased in nepal, indiscriminate use of. Case study of kali gandaki watershed, nepal acknowledgements this report was prepared by a team led by urvashi narain with the core team composed of adrian l. Helens which triggered the largest landslide in recorded history. Report on jure landslide, mankha vdc, sindhupalchowk district.

In this respect, policies and practices of the nordic countries could provide some important insights for nepals development. Pdf government of nepal, central bureau of statistics, s. Himalaya, the journal of the association for nepal and. In nepal, landslides represent a major constraint on development, causing high levels of economic loss and substantial numbers of. The uk governments abnnouncement today that their aid funding for nepal for the next five years will highlight disaster risk reduction, including reducing landslide. It is located between the southern slopes of the himalayas and the north of india. Landslide disaster management in nepal a nearfuture. The relative efficiency of organic farming in nepal. In nepal, landslides represent a major constraint on development, causing high levels of economic loss and substantial numbers of fatalities each year. Cultivated crop terraces cover the slopes north of the lake, while rice. Landslide zoning can be enshrined within legislation or it can be advisory.

Landslides in nepal the landslide blog agu blogosphere. I really like kathmandu city but i also know how frustrating it can be with all those twisty little streets and traffic. Vogl, rafael schmitt, david simpson, ben bryant, and stacie wolny. The principal focus is on the safety of occupants in a building during earthquakes, fires and natural disasters. The landslide occurred in the jure, sindhupalchowk figure 1 is a unusual mass movement. The current landslides and the expected worsening of road and trail conditions during the upcoming monsoon season is also of significant concern. Pdf soil bioengineering application and practices in nepal.

It draws upon three primary consultant inputs commissioned for this project. Library of congress federal research division country profile. Lake rupa is a shallow lake with a surface area of about 100 ha, located in the central himalaya in nepal. The localised impact of these natural hazards will place an additional burden on earthquakeaffected households. Geography, climate and population geography climate food and. In this study, questions are raised about its volume and initiation. The government has also turned its attention to improving living conditions for nepals workers, something that was rarely a priority under the autocratic rule of the shah kings. Community vulnerability to floods and landslides in nepal. It is the 49th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. Carolin kugel and ahmad huseynli, mainly based on gurung 2007, available at. Landslide is the main natural hazard in nepal causing economic and plenty of life.

The landslide occurred on a ridge below the summit of 7,525meter. Landslides in nepal and the impact of the sw monsoon the. Using alphabets to introduce the universally known buddha, hinduism, himalaya, yak,and yeti, this book presents pertinent information. In the direct aftermath of the landslide, several disaster loss assessments were conducted, with the aim of counting casualties, injured people, and damaged houses and infrastructure. This type of landslide can be found in the mountainous countries such as switzerland, japan, and canada and periodically in nepal. Rural livelihood, cultural values, and tourism in nepal an. A reading guide to nepalese history macalester college.

Nepal moha 2011 at the village level on losses due to flood and landslides, and a sample of microdata at the individual level from the 2001 census. Soil bioengineering application and practices in nepal. Although, nepal has problem of rainfall triggered landslide, still there are no any significance works to identify the threshold value of rainfall to create shallow failure. Nepal attaches great importance to the role of the special committee on the charter of the united nations and on the strengthening of the role of the organization in the reform process of the united nations as mandated in resolution 3499xxx of 15 december 1975. Nepali society and development kathmandu university. It is the charter of the united nations that allows and enables the organization to. Landslide, also called landslip, the movement downslope of a mass of rock, debris, earth, or soil soil being a mixture of earth and debris. Himalaya, the journal of the association for nepal and himalayan studies volume 25 number 1 himalaya no. Nepal is touted as a transit bridge for the second biggest economy in the world to reach south asia. Predictive modelling of rainfallinduced landslide hazard in the lesser himalaya of nepal based on weightsofevidence rk dahal, s hasegawa, a nonomura, m yamanaka, s dhakal, p paudyal geomorphology 102 34, 496510, 2008. Fullcolour maps throughout navigate kathmandus backstreets or nepals trekking regions without needing to get. Official pdf, 37 pages world bank documents world bank group.

A study of landslides near major highways in nepal shows that there is a need for an integrated approach to investigation, analysis, design, and construction of mitigated structures in landslide prone areas. An android offline application to map different landslide. So far, the bodies of nine foreigners have been recovered. Nepal demographic and health survey 2011 fr257 the dhs. It is the best companion for you when travelling to nepal. The damage to the hillslopes during the earthquakes has. More information about nepal is available from the department of state and. They usually include debris slides, debris flow, and failures of road cutslopes. Rautahat, sarlahi, mahottari, dhanusha, siraha and saptari.

The figure shows that the casulties due to landslide is higher than that of flood. Landslides triggered by the gorkha earthquake in the. The same day, a seismic network half a world away detected a large landslide above the rivers headwaters. All these factors place nepal among the 20 most disasterprone countries in the world. Langtang lirung, the 7,234metre 23,734 feet mountain looming over the. The result of the analysis would inform us whether the educational level of a community was associated with its vulnerability to floods and landslides. Apart from foreignaid workers, the few visitors to jumla are here for trekking in the remote karnali region and dolpo.

Nepal, though a poor underdeveloped nation, is rich in terms of natural resources. The earthquake which hit nepal on 25th april 2015 was the worst the country had experienced in 90 years. Impact of landslides and innovative landslidemitigation. This list of landslides is a list of notable landslides and mudflows divided into sections by date and type. E limitado a norte pelo tibete, regiao autonoma da china e a leste, sul e oeste pela india. While john whelptons history focuses on the period since the overthrow of the rana family autocracy in 19501, the early chapters are devoted to. Nepals overall economic growth experience to date had been sluggish at best, presumably as a result of the aforementioned factors. They were ousted by the kirantis around the 7th or 8th century b. Landslide hazard mapping in n epal among the several methods available for landslide hazard mapping, the method proposed by deoja et al.

Soil bioengineering has been used in nepal for nearly 30 years to deal with erosion problems on slopes, in high way construction and. Nepal earthquake 2015 post disaster needs assessment. Disaster risk profile and existing legal framework of. Seek professional advice if necessary, and ensure that where zonation is prescriptive the recommendations are implemented. Continuous rainfall between july 1114th 2019, triggered heavy flooding and landslides in nepal. Landslides due to volcanic activity are the most devastating. Landslide loss and damage in sindhupalchok district, nepal. First, the government of nepal needed to formally request u. Nepal is a mountainous, less developed kingdom that straddles the boundary between the indian and himalayan tectonic plates. Another such occurrence is the 1964 great alaska quake which caused landslide and loss of ground. Pdf major landslides in nepal alaka lamsal academia. Council of museums icomdrtf and unesco office in kathmandu, nepal. Afghanistan depends on the ports pakistan and iran for its overseas freight traffic whereas nepal and bhutan solely use indian ports for their overseas trade.

Nepal uses kolkata,bishakhapattanam port and haldiya port and. For details of these treks, check out lonely planets trekking in the nepal himalaya. However, the findings, analysis and policy recommendations of the report are those of the authors alone. Gravity model approach nrbwp21 4 the author of the present paper also employs the fundamentals of the gravity model by using the product of nepals gdp and its trading partners and the simulation techniques applied by sohn 2005.

Nepal has begun rescue and relief operations after landslides and floods triggered by monsoon rain across the country claimed at least 49 lives, the government said. However, it is also important that nepal learn from the successful experiences achieved elsewhere. Many of the people displaced by the floods and the landslides have started returning home, and in banke. Then the office of foreign disaster assistance, the white house, and the american embassy in nepal had to assess needs, decide which resources should be sent, and figure out a way to get them there.

Although the 1990 constitution moved toward redefining the nation as multicultural, nepal remained a hindu kingdom, the nepali language held. A landslide in which the sliding surface is located within the soil mantle or weathered bedrock typically to a depth from few decimeters to some meters is called a shallow landslide. Landslide zoning most commonly takes into consideration slope angle and the type of material present. The natural disaster preparedness plans by nepal red cross for floods and landslides and whos health action in crisis programme are some of the other main stories carried in this publication. Nepal special committee on the charter of the united. In this respect, sohns paper forms the basis on which research on nepals.

1024 1113 1210 562 309 120 687 706 318 1327 975 1392 375 349 1129 146 245 386 882 6 658 1501 973 955 1327 996 766 1287 644 572 520 346 350 145